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Sunday, December 8, 2013
Smoking and Tobacco
2nd hand smoke
how many people have died from 2nd hand smoke?
The World Health Organization`s International Agency for Research on Cancer reported in 2002 that nonsmokers are exposed to the same carcinogens as active cigarette smokers. Passive exposure to cigarette smoke has been shown to cause lung cancer among never smokers. Second-hand tobacco smoke IS carcinogenic to humans. There is sufficient evidence that involuntary smoking (exposure to secondhand or `environmental` tobacco smoke) causes lung cancer in humans. Non-smokers who are exposed to second-hand smoke are between 20% and 30% more likely to develop lung cancer.
Experts also found cancers of the stomach, liver, uterus, cervix, kidney and myeloid leukaemia could be caused in part by smoking. In addition, the American Cancer Society website includes information on deaths and illnesses in the U.S. from secondhand smoke each year:
- An estimated 35,000 to 40,000 deaths from heart disease in people who are not current smokers
- About 3,000 lung cancer deaths in nonsmoking adults
- Other respiratory problems in nonsmokers, including coughing, phlegm, chest discomfort, and reduced lung function 150,000 to 300,000
- Lower respiratory tract infections (such as pneumonia and bronchitis) in children younger than 18 months of age, which result in 7,500 to 15,000 hospitalizations
- Increases in the number and severity of asthma attacks in about 200,000 to 1 million asthmatic children.
Karen L Ahijevych, PhD, RN, FAAN
Professor, College of Nursing
Professor, College of Public Health
College of Nursing
The Ohio State University