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Thyroid Diseases

Hypothyroidism and Ovarian Cysts

02/27/2006

Question:

I read that untreated hypothyroidism can be one of the causes of ovarian cysts. What do you know about that?

Answer:

Yes, there are a few published reports of an association between untreated hypothyroidism and ovarian cysts.  The association may not be a common one, since I was unable to find a discussion of this association in four different textbooks of endocrinology.  It is well known that hypothyroidism (if it is fairly severe) can interfere with monthly ovulation, and a longstanding lack of ovulation has been associated with development of cysts in the ovaries.

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Response by:

Thomas A Murphy, MD, FACP, FACE Thomas A Murphy, MD, FACP, FACE
Associate Professor of Medicine
School of Medicine
Case Western Reserve University