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Smoking and Tobacco

Risks of smoking

04/06/2006

Question:

What are a lot of cancers and or diseases from smoking?

Answer:

According to the American Cancer Society:

"Tobacco use accounts for about one third of all cancer deaths in the United States. Smoking causes almost 90% of lung cancers. Smoking also causes cancers of the larynx (voice box), oral cavity, pharynx (throat), and esophagus, and contributes to the development of cancers of the bladder, pancreas, cervix, kidney, and stomach; it is also linked to the development of some leukemias.

What are some of the short- and long-term effects of smoking cigarettes?

Smoking causes many types of cancer, which may not develop for years. But cancers account for only about half of the deaths related to smoking. Smoking is also a major cause of heart disease, aneurysms, bronchitis, emphysema, and stroke, and it contributes to the severity of pneumonia and asthma.

The truth is that cigarette smokers die younger than nonsmokers. In fact, according to a study from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conducted in the late 1990s, smoking shortened male smokers' lives by 13.2 years and female smokers' lives by 14.5 years. Both men and women who smoke are much more likely to die during middle age (between the ages of 35 and 69) than those who have never smoked.

Smoking also causes many short-term effects, such as decreased lung function. Because of this, smokers often suffer shortness of breath and nagging coughs, and they often will tire easily during physical activity. Some other common short-term effects: a diminished ability to smell and taste, premature aging of the skin, and increased risk of sexual impotence in men."

Some good websites are:

The American Cancer Society: www.cancer.org
The American Lung Association: www.lungusa.org
The American Heart Association: www.americanheart.org
Centers for Disease Control: www.cdc.gov/tobacco

For more information:

Go to the Smoking and Tobacco health topic, where you can:

Response by:

Kathy Vesha, RN, BSN, MA
Formerly:
Kick It!
The James
The Ohio State University