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Thursday, December 5, 2013
High iron count
what is the cause of high iron in the blood? thank you
High levels of serum iron can occur as the result of:
- multiple blood transfusions
- iron injections into muscle
- lead poisoning
- liver disease
- or kidney disease
among other conditions. It can also be due to the genetic condition hemochromatosis.
Certain tests are needed to determine if a person has iron overload: a fasting serum iron and total iron binding capacity (TIBC) are used to calculate the transferrin- saturation percentage. Serum ferritin measures the amount of iron stored in the body.
These tests should be ordered by a physician, and if abnormal, genetic testing can be used to confirm the diagnosis of hemochromatosis. Individuals may meet with a physician and genetic counselor to learn more about genetic testing, the inheritance of hemochromatosis, risk to family members, and treatment options.
Amy Curry Sturm, MS, CGC
Clinical Assistant Professor of Human Genetics
College of Medicine
The Ohio State University