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what are portion,and why are they important for people with diabetes.also what are carbohydrates?


Carbohydrate, fat and protein make up all foods that we eat and are all important parts of a healthy diet. Carbohydrates include breads, cereals, grains, starchy vegetables, milk, fruit and sweets. Fats include butter, oil, mayonnaise, bacon and sour cream. Proteins include meat, cheese, eggs and peanut butter. Carbohydrates break down into sugar in the body when eaten and thus raise blood sugar; fat and protein do not have much effect on blood sugar. So for someone with diabetes, it's important to watch the carbohydrate content in the food they eat. For women, 30-45g of carbohydrate per meal is recommended; for men, 45-60g. Portion size is also important; this is the size of a serving of food. If you consume large portions of carbohydrate containing food, your blood sugar will most likely be high (unless you take enough insulin to cover it).

The following are portions of food that contain 15g of carbohydrate each: 1 slice bread, 1/2c cooked cereal, 1/3c rice or pasta, 1/2c corn, peas or potatoes, 8oz milk, and 1 small piece fresh fruit.

You can purchase a carbohydrate counting book at any local bookstore to be able to look up gram amounts of most foods. This will help you stick to the above gram goals per meal.

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Response by:

Connie A Gottfried, MPH, RD, LD, CDE Connie A Gottfried, MPH, RD, LD, CDE
Case Western Reserve University