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Pharmacy and Medications

Pain Medications

05/26/2010

Question:

Can you tell me the difference between narcotics and opioid? Which one does Tramacet belong to?

Answer:

The word narcotic can be used to describe different terms. Controlled substances, especially illegal drugs, are often referred to as narcotics. Medically, narcotics are drugs that we use to treat specific pain receptors in the body.

There are two types of narcotics: opioid and opiate. Opiates are chemicals naturally derived from poppy pods, or products which are directly created from those chemicals. Opiates include morphine, codeine, and oxycodone. Opioids are drugs that work in the same way as opiates, but are not derived from the poppy plant. Opioids include methadone, fentanyl, and tramadol.

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Response by:

Michael  Ganio, PharmD Michael Ganio, PharmD
Clinical Applications Pharmacist
Wexner Medical Center
The Ohio State University